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CV and Bibliography for
Christian Lindtner, Denmark

Born June 14, 1949.

Study of classical and oriental languages, religion and philosophy, University of Copenhagen. MA 1979 (Indian philology). Ph.D. 1982 (Buddhist studies).

Study abroad includes Sweden, Germany, India and U.S.A.
Teaching Positions include the Universities of Lund, Copenhagen, Washington (Seattle), Virginia (Charlottesville), in the fields of Asian Languages and Literature; Buddhist and Religious Studies, Indian Philology (Sanskrit and Pâli).
Research Positions include University of Copenhagen, University of Göttingen, Danish Academy of Sciences (Carlsberg Foundation), Danish Council of Research, DAAD (Germany), etc.

Administrative and Editorial Positions include:

  • A Critical Pâli Dictionary (Danish editor)
  • Indiske Studier (Editor-in-Chief)
  • Buddhist Tradition Series (Editorial Advisory Board))
  • Institute of Indian Philology, Director
  • Institute of Oriental Philology, Director Visiting Lectures include universities
  • in Germany: Hamburg, Bonn, Berlin, München
  • in Estonia: Tartu (Dorpat)
  • in England: Oxford
  • in Austria: Wien, Graz
  • in Poland: Krakow
  • in Sweden: Stockholm, Lund, Gothenburg
  • in U.S.A: Boston, Austin, Harvard, Berkeley
  • in Canada: Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto
  • in India: Poona, Delhi, Vârânasî, Madras
  • in Switzerland: Lausanne
  • in Finland: Helsinki


Publications 1978-2003:

  • 1978a : Nâgârjuna - Ćgte og Ućgte
    Křbenhavns Universitet. - pp. 393 (Ph.D.)

  • 1979a : Narakoddharastava
    in Acta Orientalia 40. - pp. 146-155

  • 1979b : Candrakîrti´s Pancaskandhaprakarana
    in Acta Orientalia 40. - pp. 87-145

  • 1980a : Forklaring af Bodhicitta (Bodhicittavivarana)
    in Stupa 4, Křbenhavn. - pp. 5

  • 1980b : Apropos Dharmakîrti - Two New Works and a New Date
    in Acta Orientalia 41, Copenhagen. - pp. 10

  • 1980c : Nâgârjuna: Juvelkćden og Andre Skrifter
    Křbenhavn: Sankt Ansgars Forlag.- pp. 106

  • 1981a : Buddhapâlita on Emptiness
    in Indo-Iranian Journal 23, Leiden. - pp. 187-217

  • 1981b : Atisa´s Introduction to the Two Truths, and Its Sources
    in Journal of Indian Philosophy 9, Dordrecht. - pp. 161-214

  • 1981c : Dhammapada: Buddhas Lćreord
    Křbenhavn: Sankt Ansgars Forlag.- pp. 82

  • 1981d : To Buddhistiske Lćredigte. Nâgârjunas Suhrllekha and Sântadevas Bodhisattvacaryâvatâra
    Křbenhavn: Akademisk Forlag. - pp. 164

  • 1982a : Adversaria Buddhica
    in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens 26, Wien. - pp. 167-194

  • 1982b : Nâgârjunas Filosofiske Vćrker
    Křbenhavn: Akademisk Forlag. - pp. 262

  • 1982c : Poul Tuxen: Yoga
    Křbenhavn: Akademisk Forlag. - pp. 321 (Efterskrift, pp. 3)

  • 1982d : Nagarjuniana. Studies in the Writings and Philosophy of Nâgârjuna
    Křbenhavn: Akademisk Forlag. - pp. 327 (5th ed. New Delhi 1999)

  • 1982e : Buddhismen. Tanker og Livsformer
    Křbenhavn: Gyldendal.- pp. 218 (5th ed. Křbenhavn 1998)

  • 1982f : Astavakras Sang (Astâvakra-gîtâ)
    Křbenhavn: Sankt Ansgars Forlag. - pp. 60

  • 1983a : Nâgârjuna´s Vyavahârasiddhi
    in Proceedings of the Csoma de Körôs Symposium, Velm/Wien,
    Sept. 13th.- 19th., 1981, Wien - pp. 147-159

  • 1984a : Indiens Religioner
    in Gads Religionshistoriske Tekster, Křbenhavn: Gads Forlag. - pp. 98-169 (2nd ed. 1992)

  • 1984b : Marginalia to Dharmakîrti´s Pramânaviniscaya
    in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens 28, Wien. - pp. 149-175

  • 1984c : Sanskrit Studies in Denmark
    in Sanskrit outside Denmark, Thane. - pp. 18 (Chinese ed. Beijing 1987)

  • 1984d : Bhavya´s Controversy with Yogâcâra in Prajnâpradîpa
    in Acta Orientalia Hungarica 29, Budapest. - pp. 77-97

  • 1984e : Mâtrceta´s Pranidhânasaptati
    in Études Asiatiques 38, Bern & New York. - pp. 100-128

  • 1985a : Remarks on the Gaudapâdîya-Kârikâs
    in Indo-Iranian Journal 28, Leiden. - pp. 275-279

  • 1985b : A Critical Pâli Dictionary
    in Indo-Iranian Journal 28, Leiden. - pp. 299-302

  • 1985c : Kambala´s Âlokamâlâ
    in Miscellanea Buddhica, Křbenhavn: Akademisk Forlag. - pp. 109-220

  • 1986a : Bhavya´s Critique of Yogâcâra in Madhyamakaratnapradîpa, IV
    in Buddhist Logic and Epistemology, Dordrecht. - pp. 239-263

  • 1986b : Materials for the Study of Bhavya
    in Kalyânamitrârâganam, Oxford & Oslo. - pp. 179-202

  • 1986c : Master of Wisdom
    Berkeley: Dharma Publishing. - pp. 436 (2nd rev. ed. 1997)

  • 1986d : On Bhavya´s Madhyamakaratnapradîpa
    in Indologica Taurinensia 12, Torino. - pp. 163-184

  • 1987a : Bhavya, the Logician
    in The Adyar Library Golden Jubilee Volume, Madras. - pp. 58-84

  • 1987b : An Old Error in Asoka´s First Pillar Edict
    in Sramana Vidyâ. Prof. Jagannath Upadhyaya Comm. Volume, Sarnath, Varanasi. - pp. 297-281

  • 1988a : Centralasiatiske Studier i Danmark
    i Dannebrog pĺ Stepperne, Křbenhavn: Museum Tusculanums Forlag. - pp. 5 (Forord)

  • 1988b : Buddhist References to Old Iranian Religion
    in Acta Iranica 12, Leiden. - pp. 433-444

  • 1988c : Dalai Lama som Buddhistisk Filosof
    i Tillćg til Humanist, Křbenhavns Universitet. - pp. 2

  • 1989a : V. Bhattacharya: The Ĺgamasâstra of Gaudapâda
    New Delhi. - pp. 308 (Foreword for repr., pp. 4)

  • 1989b : Bhikkhu Pâsâdika: Nâgârjuna´s Sűtrasamuccaya
    Křbenhavn: Akademisk Forlag. - pp. 250 (Foreword, pp. 2)

  • 1989c : The Yogâcâra Philosophy of Dignâga and Dharmakîrti
    in Studies in Central and East Asian Religions 2, Copenhagen. - pp. 27-52

  • 1990a : Madhyamaka - The Philosophy of Great Humor?
    in Journal of Indian Philosophy 18, Dordrecht. - pp. 249-260 Leiden. - pp. 211-233

  • 1990b : Om Gud og det ondes ophav ifřlge Buddhismen
    in Living Waters. Scandinavian Orientalistic Studies, Copenhagen:
    Museum Tusculanum Press. - pp. 237-248

  • 1991a : The Initial Verses of the Pramânasiddhi Chapter of the Pramânavârttika
    in Studies in the Buddhist Epistemological Tradition, Wien. - pp. 155-159

  • 1991b : Textcritical Notes on Sanskrit Texts
    in Papers in Honour of Prof. Dr. Ji Xianlin, Beijing. - pp. 651-660

  • 1992a : Tibets gemte sanskrittekster
    in Humaniora 1/6, Křbenhavn. - pp. 4

  • 1992b : Danish Contributions to Avesta Studies
    in Acten des Melzer-Symposiums 1991, Graz. - pp. 170-189

  • 1992c : The Lankâvatârasűtra in Early Madhyamaka Literature
    in Études Asiatiques 46, Bern & New York. - pp. 245-279

  • 1992d : Kâlidâsa and Nâgârjuna
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 56, Madras. - pp. 1-6

  • 1992e : On the Date of Dharmakîrti etc.
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 56, Madras. - pp. 56-62

  • 1992f : The Mayűrâstaka of Mayűra
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 56, Madras. - pp. 177-185

  • 1992g : On Nâgârjuna´s Epistemology
    in Proceedings of the XXXII International Congress for
    Asian and North African Studies Hamburg, Stuttgart. - pp. 168-169

  • 1993a : Linking up Bhartrhari and the Bauddhas
    in Études Asiatiques 47, Bern & New York. - pp. 195-213

  • 1993b : A Rare Anthology of Nice Sanskrit Verses: Srî-Sűktâvalî
    in Indo-Iranian Journal 36, Leiden. - pp. 211-233

  • 1993c: Bhartrsârasvata´s Sűktâvalî: Srngâra-Paddhati
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 57, Madras. - pp. 89-112

  • 1993d : A Note on Vâkyapadîya , 2.484
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 57, Madras.- pp. 1-6.

  • 1994a : The Central Philosophy of Ancient India
    in Asian Philosophy 3, Abingdon. - pp. 89-93

  • 1994b : Yoga in Mahâyâna and Mahâvajrayâna
    in The Esoteric Buddhist Tradition.
    Selected Papers from the 1989 SBS Conference, Copenhagen & Aarhus. - pp. 1-30

  • 1994c/d : Nâgârjuna and the Problem of Precanonical Buddhism
    in Studia Religiologica 26, Kraków ( - pp. 9-22) &
    in Religious Traditions 15-17, Montreal & Sydney (- pp. 112-136)

  • l994e: Sumati's Subhâsitâvalî
    in Asiatische Studien 48 /4, Bern & New York. - pp. 1177-1212

  • l995a: Bhavya's Madhyamakahrdaya (Pariccheda Five) Yogâcâratattvaviniscayâvatâra
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 59, Madras.- pp. 37-65

  • l995b: Bhavya, Legs ldan 'byed - Quoting and Quoted
    in Studies in Central & East Asian Religions 8, Copenhagen. - pp. 90-98

  • l995c : Editors and Readers
    in Doboom Tulku (ed.), Buddhist Translations. Problems and Perspectives, Delhi. - pp. 194-204

  • l995d: Lokasamgraha, Buddhism and Buddhiyoga in the Gîtâ
    in S.P.Narang (ed.) Modern Evaluations of the Mahâbhârata (Prof.
    R.K.Sharma Felicitation Volume), Delhi. - pp. l99-220

  • l996a: Sangîtiparyâya & Prakaranapâda
    in Potter, Karl (ed.), Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophy, Vol. VII: Abhidharma Buddhism to
    150 A.D., Princeton & Delhi. - pp. 203-216 & pp. 375-379

  • l996b: Lov og ret i det gamle Indien
    i Humaniora 10/4, Křbenhavn. - pp. 30-32

  • l996c : Die Vier Hymnen des Nâgârjuna
    in Der Kreis. Zeitschrift für Buddhismus im Westen, Nummer 222/ Winter l996, Dortmund. - pp. 9-36

  • l997a : Nâgârjuna
    in Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy. Edited by Brian Carr and Indira Mahalingam.
    Routledge: London & New York l997. - pp. 349-370

  • l997b : cittamâtra in Indian Mahâyâna until Kamalasîla
    in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens 41, Wien. - pp. 159-206

  • l997c : Polemika z wypowiedziami papieza Jana Pawla II na temat buddyzmu...
    in Jacek Sieradzan (ed.), Przekroczyc prog madrosci, Kraków l997. - p. 60 (in Polish)

  • l997d : The Problem of Precanonical Buddhism
    in Buddhist Studies Review l4/2, London. - pp. 109-139

  • l997e : Nâgârjuna's Hymns to the Buddha
    in Kameshwar Nath Mishra (ed.), Glimpses of the Sanskrit Buddhist Literature, Vol. I, Sarnath, Varanasi l997.
    - pp. 33-36

  • l997f : Bhavya on Mîmâmsâ
    in Agata Bareja-Starzynska & Marek Mejor (eds.), Aspects of Buddhism.
    Proceedings of the International Seminar on Buddhist Studies,
    Liw, 25 June l994, Oriental Institute, Warsaw University l997.- pp. 91-123

  • 1997g : Master of Wisdom (2. revised ed.),
    Berkeley: Dharma Publishing. - pp. 413

  • 1998a : Buddhism as Saddhâtuvâda
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 62, Madras. - pp. 1- 24

  • 1998b : Hînayâna. Den tidlige indiske buddhisme.
    Křbenhavn: Spektrum Forlag. - pp. 228

  • 1998c : Mahâyâna. Den senere indiske buddhisme.
    Křbenhavn: Spektrum Forlag. - pp. 255

  • 1998d : Nâgârjuna: Siebzig Verse über Leehrheit. CH- Gelterkinden. - pp. 56

  • 1999a : Buddhism in Relation to Science and World Religions.
    Secunderabad. - pp. 15

  • 1999b : Madhyamaka Causality
    in Hôrin. Vergleichende Studien zur japanischen Kultur 6, Düsseldorf. - pp. 37-77

  • 1999c : What is the dharmas caturbhadrah ?
    in Indo-Iranian Journal 42, Dordrecht. - pp. 121-140

  • 1999d : From Brahmanism to Buddhism
    in Asian Philosophy 9/1, Abingdon. - pp. 5-37

  • 1999e : Buddhism in Relation to Science and World Religions
    in Suhrullekha April-June 1999, Secunderabad. - pp. 24-26

  • 1999f : A Goal Worth Going For!
    in Suhrullekha July-September 1999, Secunderabad. - pp. 8-12

  • 1999g : Madhyamakakârikâs; Vaidalyaprakarana, Ratnâvalî; Vyavahârasiddhi;
    Mahâyânavimsikâ; Catuhstava; Mahârâjakaniskalekha; Varnârhavarna; Satapancâsatka; Visesastava,
    in Karl H. Potter (ed.), Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. 8:
    Buddhist Philosophy from 100 to 350 A.D., Princeton & Delhi. - pp. 98-235

  • 1999h : Magnanimity of Madhyamaka
    in Communication and Cognition 32/ 1/2, Ghent. - pp. 127-148

  • 1999i : Observations on the Brâhmanavagga
    in Buddhist Studies Review 16/2, London. - pp. 181-188

  • 1999j : Bhavya on Mîmâmsâ: Mîmâmsâtattvanirnayâvatârah
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 63, Chennai, pp. 245-302 (also as sep. booklet)

  • 2000a : Romersk guld i Indiens muld
    in Fćllesmřnt 47, Skive.- pp. 10-15

  • 2000b : Replik til Kritik
    in Chaos 32, Křbenhavn. - pp. 115-125

  • 2000c : Buddhism as Brahmanism
    in Indologica Taurinensia xxiii-xxiv,
    Professor Gregory M. Bongard-Levin Felicitation Volume, Torino. - pp. 217-246

  • 2000d : The Dhammapada: Edited ...with a literal Latin translation...by V. Fausbřll
    Secunderabad. - pp. xvi & 94 (Foreword for repr., pp. 2)

  • 2000e : J.W. de Jong In Memoriam
    in Suhrullekha April-June 2000, Secunderabad. - p. 68
    also in The Adyar Library Bulletin 63, Chennai. - pp. 307-308

  • 2000f : King Jagajjyotirmalla´s Slokasârasamgrahah
    in Asiatische Studien liv/1, Bern & New York. - pp. 45-62

  • 2000g : Âmrapâli in the Gospels
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 64, Chennai.- pp. 151-170

  • 2001a : Madhyamakahrdayam of Bhavya
    Chennai: The Adyar Library. - pp. li & 169

  • 2001b : The Bible and the Buddhists
    in Buddhist Studies Review 18/2, London. - pp. 229-242 (Review Article)

  • 2001c : Some Sanskritisms in the New Testament Gospels
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 65, Chennai.- pp. 101-109

  • 2001d : Vigrahe krte
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 65, Chennai.- pp.121-133

  • 2002a : Buddhist Bhagavatism
    in The Adyar Library Bulletin 66, Chennai.- pp.15-65

  • 2003a : Comparative Gospel Studies
    in Suhrullekha April-June 2003, Secunderabad. - pp. 61-64

  • 2003b : A Garland of Light. Kambala´s Âlokamâlâ
    Fremont, California. Asian Humanities Press. - pp. x & 189

  • 2003c : Gematria in the Gospels
    in Acta Orientalia 64. - pp. 1-32

  • 2003d : Hemligheten om Kristus
    Hägglunds förlag, Klavreström. - pp. 248

  • 2003e : Nâgârjuna: Műlamadhyamakakârikâh
    Chennai: The Adyar Library. - pp. 124

  • 2003f : Âlokamâlâ; Madhyamakaratnapradîpa; etc.
    in Karl H. Potter (ed.), Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies; Vol. 9:
    Buddhist Philosophy from 350 to 600 A.D., Princeton & Delhi. - pp...

  • In Preparation (inter alia):
    Poemata
    De gematria
  • Reviews:

    Since 1980, about 100 reviews (or about 300 pages), mainly of learned books about Buddhism, Sanskrit and Indian philosophy and philology, to be consulted in: Indo-Iranian Journal, Acta Orientalia, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Orientalistische Literaturzeitung, Studies in Central and East Asian Religions,
    Cahiers d´Extreme-Asie, Kratylos, Buddhist Studies Review, The Adyar Library Bulletin, etc.